島義勇と札幌

今朝(10月6日)の佐賀新聞、さが維新ひと紀行。札幌の都市建設を先導した島義勇(しまよしたけ)。
◆明治2年(1869)7月に藩主鍋島直正が初代開拓使長官となり、開拓使首席判官に島義勇を任命。直正は病気のためすぐに辞任。
◆かわりに長官となった東久世通禧(ひがしくぜみちとみ)とともに、明治2年(1869年)9月に北海道に向かった。当時、箱館(函館)が、旧・蝦夷地の中心であったが、南に偏りすぎているため、北海道の中央に新たに都市を建設することとなった。
◆島は、銭函(現小樽市銭函)に開拓使仮役所を開設し、札幌を世界一の都市とする壮大な計画をたて、建設を開始した。が、厳冬期に予算を急激に消費したこと、地元商人からの反感などから、東久世長官としばしば対立し、明治3年1月に志半ばで解任された。
◆札幌の建設は、かわって首席判官となったもと土佐藩士岩村通俊のもとですすめられた。その設計の基本は、島がたてたものであった。
◆明治4年(1871年)5月に開拓使庁が札幌に移り、札幌を中心とした北海道の開拓が展開した。
◆島義勇は、東京に戻った後、明治天皇の侍従、初代秋田権令などを務めたが、明治7年(1874)の佐賀の乱(佐賀戦争)を首謀したとして斬首された。
◆島は、札幌開拓の父として、銅像が市役所ロビーと北海道神宮にある。この11月11日には、佐賀にも島義勇の像が建てられる。
◆なお札幌を代表する菓子屋である六花亭に「判官様」という焼き菓子がある。これは島判官を称えてのものであり、「激ウマ」という評判である。

札幌の開拓者島義勇のこと

種痘ではないが、佐賀と札幌の話。今朝(10月6日)の佐賀新聞、さが維新ひと紀行。札幌の都市建設を先導した島義勇(しまよしたけ)。
◆明治2年(1869)7月に藩主鍋島直正が初代開拓使長官となり、開拓使首席判官に島義勇を任命。直正は病気のためすぐに辞任。
◆かわりに長官となった東久世通禧(ひがしくぜみちとみ)とともに、明治2年(1869年)9月に北海道に向かった。当時、箱館(函館)が、旧・蝦夷地の中心であったが、南に偏りすぎているため、北海道の中央に新たに都市を建設することとなった。
◆島は、銭函(現小樽市銭函)に開拓使仮役所を開設し、札幌を世界一の都市とする壮大な計画をたて、建設を開始した。が、厳冬期に予算を急激に消費したこと、地元商人からの反感などから、東久世長官としばしば対立し、明治3年1月に志半ばで解任された。
◆札幌の建設は、かわって首席判官となったもと土佐藩士岩村通俊のもとですすめられた。その設計の基本は、島がたてたものであった。
◆明治4年(1871年)5月に開拓使庁が札幌に移り、札幌を中心とした北海道の開拓が展開した。
◆島義勇は、東京に戻った後、明治天皇の侍従、初代秋田権令などを務めたが、明治7年(1874)の佐賀の乱(佐賀戦争)を首謀したとして斬首された。
◆島は、札幌開拓の父として、銅像が市役所ロビーと北海道神宮にある。この11月11日には、佐賀にも島義勇の像が建てられる。
◆なお札幌を代表する菓子屋である六花亭に「判官様」という焼き菓子がある。これは島判官を称えてのものであり、「激ウマ」という評判である。

第8回在来知国際歴史学シンポジウム

The first

Call for Papers

The 8th International Symposium on

History of Indigenous Knowledge

(ISHIK 2018)

Saga, Japan

9 – 14 November 2018

In Saga, Japan (日本)

 

 

Organized by:

The Society for History of Indigenous Knowledge

Co-organized by:

The Internationa1 Institute on History of Indigenous Knowledge, Saga University

The Society for the History of Science and Technology and Economic Society Development,China

Committee of Foreign Economic History, Chinese Economic Historical Society

Supported by:

  Saga University, Japan

Tsinghua University,China

Renmin University of China  

The Society for the Western Learning in Japan

The Center for Regiona1 Culture and History,Saga University

The Society for Saga Modern Historical Studies, Japan

 

Scope: 

History of Indigenous Knowledge (HIK) aims to reveal the dynamism in the development of human knowledge by analyzing the interactive process of indigenization and innovation. It proposes a new synthesis of historical studies by combining the results of international cooperation from the perspective of exchange, interaction and creation of knowledge and technology.

 

The first International Symposium of History of Indigenous Knowledge (ISHIK 2011) was held in Beijing, China in 2011. The 2nd symposium (ISHIK 2012) was held in Saga, Japan in 2012. The 3rd symposium (ISHIK 2013) was also successfully held in Anyang, China in 2013. The 4th symposium (ISHIK 2014) was held in Saga again, Japan in 2014. The 5th symposium (ISHIK 2015) was held successfully held in Shenzhen, China in 2015. The 6th symposium(ISHIK2016) was held in Saga, Japan in 2016. The 7th symposium(ISHIK2017) was held in Hainan Island, China in 2017.

 

The purpose of the symposiums is to introduce the HIK by offering a place of interdisciplinary discussions among history of science and technology, history of industry, history of economy and scientific studies on cultural properties. Our symposium also addresses problems such as the explosion of information in historical studies, the construction of new interdisciplinary network, and the establishment of a new perspective to analyze local history in the international context. In 2014 year we have established the Society for History of Indigenous Knowledge (SHIK) in order to have The ISHIK smoothly and more successfully.

 

We will have the 8th symposium (ISHK 2018), held in Saga, Japan in 2018, which is organized by The Society for History of Indigenous Knowledge (SHIK).

We expect that many researchers show interest in ISHIK2018 and attend it.

 

Topics include but are not limited to:

All topics of history of Indigenous knowledge are well come.

History of scientific technique, history of medicine, history of iron industry, history of industry, history of technical education, science of cultural assets, preservation of cultural assets, analysis of material, analysis of graph, Japan history, China history、international history.

 

Technical visit:

A latter part of the symposium, we will have a technical visit to a car company, Toyota in Fukuoka, where we can learn about ingenious knowledge, etc.

 

Language:

Official language at the conference is English, Japanese, and Chinese with translations. This means that abstracts should be written in English but main body of the papers can be written in any languages. We can communicate in any languages with translation between Japanese and Chinese for our discussion.

 

Review Process, Proceedings:

The Program Committee will review all submitted papers and decide on the acceptance. Full versions of the accepted contributions will be published in the proceedings available at the conference.

 

Important Dates:

Submission of Extended Abstracts for Papers

21 May 2018

Submission of Papers

31 July 2018

Notification of Paper Acceptance

31 August 2018

Submission of Final Camera-ready Papers

18 September 2018

 

Organizing Committees

-General Chairs

Koichiro OHGUSHI (Saga University)

         Yi LI (Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)

 

-Organizing Chairs

         Toshiyuki AOKI (Saga University)

         Jian CHEN (Renmin University of China)

 

– Program Chairs

         Toshiyuki AOKI (Saga University)

Tao ZHANG (Tsinghua University)

 

-Local Arrangement Chair

         Toshiyuki AOKI (Saga University)

               Ryutaro GOTO (Saga University)

               Choji YAMAMOTO (Saga University)

 

-International Relations Chairs

Koichiro OHGUSHI (Saga University)

Tao ZHANG (Tsinghua University)

 

-Publicity Chairs

Susumu NAGANO (Saga University)

Masaaki TABATA (Saga University)

Jian ZHOU (Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)

Lixian YAN (Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)

 

-Secretariats

Ryutaro GOTO (Saga University)

 

-International Program Committee Members

Susumu NAGANO (Saga University)

Toshiyuki AOKI (Saga University)                                      

Masaaki TABATA (Saga University)

Koichiro OHGUSHI (Saga University)

Wolfgang MICHEL (Kyushu University)

Hisanobu WAKITA (Fukuoka University)

Katsutada ONITSUKA (Saga University)

Choji YAMAMOTO (Saga University)

Yusuke MOMOSAKI (Fukuoka University)

Takenori HINO (Saga University)

Ryutaro GOTO (Saga University)

    Yoshitomo KAWAKUBO (Saga University)

              Kazutaka KAWANO (Kyushu National Museum)

Yi LI (Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

Tao ZHANG (Tsinghua University)

Li WU (Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)

Zhengping CHEN (Tsinghua University)

Jian ZHOU (Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)

Jian CHEN (Renmin University of China)

Lixian YAN (Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)

Yahua NIU (China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences)

Yueju NI (Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)

Ming LEI (Nankai University)

Yingui ZHU (Fudan University)

Guiyang ZHUANG (Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)

Rongyu SU (Chinese Academy of Sciences)

Jigeng TANG (Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)

Jianguo SUN (Henan University)

Bai LIN (Shanxi University)

Basic research on the spread of vaccination in the Kyushu area and the modernization of regional health care

Basic research on the spread of vaccination in the Kyushu area and the modernization of regional health care

 Outline of results

After several failed attempts active vaccine finally arrived in Japan on 11th August 1849. From Nagasaki it quickly spread throughout Kyushu as many Japanese physicians were already well aware of the principles of inoculation and the safety of vaccination compared to variolation. Nevertheless, there were remarkable differences within the domains depending on the local finances and the policies adopted by the ruling clan. During this three-year project a considerable number of related old documents have been discovered and the routes and means of the propagation of vaccination have been clarified significantly. The Saga clan, for example, introduced a well-organized and completely financed vaccination policy. In the Ōmura domain vaccine material from inoculated recipients was collected in all villages in order to maintain uninterrupted vaccination activities. In Nakatsu well-informed physicians brought vaccine from Nagasaki and partly from Saga as well. Two years later merchants financed the establishment of a medical house (igakkan) for further studies and vaccination. In the Fukuoka domain too, a clan physician took the initiative in 1849 until his activities were acknowledged and supported by the clan. During those early years vaccination was maintained by arm-to-arm transfer, but in 1858 Kokura domain physicians experimented with the retrovaccination (cow-human-cow-human transfer) introduced by Galbiati and Troja in 1803. 

The effects of vaccination could be easily observed during the frequent small-pox outbreaks. This deeply influenced the general acceptance of Western medicine and the establishment of regional health care structures. It also stimulated the establishment of networks between rural physicians studying “Dutch-style Medicine” (ranpō-igaku).

Fighting Small-Pox – Vaccination in Kyushu (Tennentō to no tatakai – Kyūshū no shutō). Tokyo: Iwata Shoin, 2018

 

Introduction

Small-pox in Kyushu                                                                                           Toshiyuki AOKI

 

General Background

Small-pox – its global expansion and eradication                                    Tadaomi AIKAWA

On the spread of variolation in Japan                                                          Toshiyuki AOKI

Small-pox in early modern Japan as seen by Europeans                       Wolfgang MICHEL

On the dawn of vaccination in Japan                                                           Toshiyuki AOKI

Reevaluating the beginning of vaccination in Japan                               Toshiyuki AOKI

 

Special Topics

Small-pox and Nagasaki                                                                                    Tadaomi AIKAWA

Vaccination in the Ōmura Domain                                                                Yūki YAMAUCHI

The small-pox deities of Saga                                                                          Shinji KANEKO

Vaccination in the Saga Domain                                                                     Toshiyuki AOKI, Akari HORI

Medical treatment and vaccination in the territory of Taku                Toshiyuki AOKI

The „Medical School“ of the Chōshū Clan and vaccination                  Ayako Ogawa

Vaccination in the Kokura Domain                                                                Toshiyuki AOKI

Yūshi Takeya and the introction of vaccination by the Fukuoka Clan             Wolfgang MICHEL

Medicine in the Kurume Domain                                                                   Yōichi YOSHIDA

Fighting small-pox in the Nakatsu Domain                                                 Wolfgang MICHEL

Curing small-pox in the Kumamoto Domain                                              Akihide Ōshima

Kenkai Wakayama and vaccination in Miyazaki                                        Ryō UMIHARA

Vaccination in the Satsuma Domain                                                             Shōzō TAMURA

Vaccination as seen in documents of the Kuroe family                          Masahiro IMAJŌ

Vaccination in Amakusa                                                                                    Toshiyuki AOKI

 

Closing Chapter

On the comparison and evaluation of variolation and vaccination   Wolfgang MICHEL

天然痘との闘いー九州の種痘 Fighting Small-Pox – Vaccination in Kyushu (Tennentō to no tatakai – Kyūshū no shutō). Tokyo: Iwata Shoin, 2018.6 ISBN978-4-86602-036-5

 

Introduction

Small-pox in Kyushu                                                                                           Toshiyuki AOKI

 

General Background

Small-pox – its global expansion and eradication                                    Tadaomi AIKAWA

On the spread of variolation in Japan                                                          Toshiyuki AOKI

Small-pox in early modern Japan as seen by Europeans                       Wolfgang MICHEL

On the dawn of vaccination in Japan                                                           Toshiyuki AOKI

Reevaluating the beginning of vaccination in Japan                               Toshiyuki AOKI

 

Special Topics

Small-pox and Nagasaki                                                                                    Tadaomi AIKAWA

Vaccination in the Ōmura Domain                                                                Yūki YAMAUCHI

The small-pox deities of Saga                                                                          Shinji KANEKO

Vaccination in the Saga Domain                                                                     Toshiyuki AOKI, Akari HORI

Medical treatment and vaccination in the territory of Taku                Toshiyuki AOKI

The „Medical School“ of the Chōshū Clan and vaccination                  Ayako Ogawa

Vaccination in the Kokura Domain                                                                Toshiyuki AOKI

Yūshi Takeya and the introction of vaccination by the Fukuoka Clan             Wolfgang MICHEL

Medicine in the Kurume Domain                                                                   Yōichi YOSHIDA

Fighting small-pox in the Nakatsu Domain                                                 Wolfgang MICHEL

Curing small-pox in the Kumamoto Domain                                              Akihide Ōshima

Kenkai Wakayama and vaccination in Miyazaki                                        Ryō UMIHARA

Vaccination in the Satsuma Domain                                                             Shōzō TAMURA

Vaccination as seen in documents of the Kuroe family                          Masahiro IMAJŌ

Vaccination in Amakusa                                                                                    Toshiyuki AOKI

 

Closing Chapter

On the comparison and evaluation of variolation and vaccination   Wolfgang MICHEL

緒方洪庵の適塾へ肥前門人は何を求めてでかけたか

緒方洪庵の適塾へ肥前門人は何を求めてでかけたか。

 

 適塾の門人は、『適々斎塾姓名録』には637人が記載されている。そのうち、肥前(佐賀県域)出身門人の動向をできるだけ紹介して、肥前(佐賀県域)の門人にとって緒方塾はどのような役割を期待されていたかを検討する。

 現在の佐賀県域出身の適塾門人は、以下の34人が知られる。番号は『適々斎塾姓名録』記載順。

佐賀県域出身門人一覧

33  迎文益   西肥神埼郡   佐賀県                           医→医

87  伊東玄敬           肥州藩       佐賀県   弘化三年九月一二日入塾 医→医

129  渋谷良耳          肥前佐賀     佐賀県                     医→医

130  志田春庵          肥前武雄     佐賀県                     医→医

131   坂本徳之助 肥前佐賀藩   佐賀県   嘉永元年初秋               医―医

134   佐野栄寿          肥前佐賀藩   佐賀県   嘉永元年中秋    1     医→官僚

135   宮田魯斎          肥前佐賀藩   佐賀県   嘉永元年中秋           医→医

161   大中玄哲          肥前佐賀中原、佐賀県、 嘉永二年七月一〇日入塾 医→医

172   尾形良益          肥前多久               佐賀県   嘉永二年九月二〇日入門 医→医

174   井上静軒          肥前佐賀               佐賀県   嘉永二年一〇月五日入門 医→医

176   朝日宗郁          肥前佐賀               佐賀県  嘉永二年一一月六日入門 医→医

229   中西仲英          肥前武雄               佐賀県  嘉永五年初夏            医→医

262   岩谷玄良          肥前武雄     佐賀県  嘉永六年五月          医→医

267   吉田泰春          西肥佐賀     佐賀県  嘉永六年六月          医→医

300   武富文益          肥前佐賀     佐賀県  嘉永六年        医→医

328   永尾卯吉郎 肥前藤木田中村佐賀県  安政二年三月二日入門  医→医

374   瀧野文道          肥前佐賀     佐賀県  安政三年四月二日入門  医→医

381   蒲原豊安          肥前佐賀    佐賀県   安政三年五月一七日入門 医→医

419   本野周造          肥前         佐賀県  安政四年七月二四日   医→ジャーナリスト

435   相良寛斎          肥州佐賀藩   佐賀県  安政五年二月八日入門  医→医

458   馬渡礼介          肥前佐賀     佐賀県  安政五年一〇月八日入門 医→医

463   河原謙吾          肥前佐賀     佐賀県  安政五年一一月二五日入門 医→ 医

474   西岡周碩          肥前佐賀藩  佐賀県   安政六年三月六日      医→法律家

480   西 春濤          肥州多久   佐賀県  安政六年三月一一日   医→医

492   小出文堂          西肥佐賀   佐賀県   安政六年六月四日入門  医→医

516  中野雲圭          鍋島藩     佐賀県 安政六年一二月一六日入門 医→医

546   大須賀道貞 肥州佐賀    佐賀県 万延元年六月九日入門  医→医

547   古賀元才           肥州佐賀  佐賀県 万延元年六月九日入門  医→医

548   福地文安  肥州佐賀       佐賀県 万延元年六月九日入門  医→医

573   花房元淑          西肥佐賀藩 佐賀県 万延二年二月二三日入門 医→医

574   後藤祐益           肥州佐賀  佐賀県 万延二年三月五日入門  医→医

207   中村俊策   肥前         佐賀県 嘉永二年五月入門      ―

475   斎藤春庵          肥前      佐賀県 安政六年三月六日      ―

476   角春静   肥前           佐賀県   安政六年三月六日      ―